Why in the 1920s is Benito Mussolini considered an American business hero?
Changes in The
sharp contrast . The
popular image of bathtub gin and excitement is not the full
picture. The immigrants who come by the millions since the late
1800s as cheap labor for the factories are from south and eastern
Europe. They are very different from typical Americans, and
despised. In 1924 and 1925 the U.S. decides it has enough labor,
enacts a quota system that favors north and west Europe and
restricts south and east Europe.
Immigrants are identified with radicals. After the 1917 Bolshevik
Revolution, there is a fear of the spread of their ideals, fear of
anarchists. The great cause of Sacco & Vanzetti, which turned some
people to more radicalism.
President Wilson has a self-righteous sense of absolute certainty
which greatly influences events. The Prohibition Amendment. .
The Scopes Trial,
which pits modernism against creationism. Short term victory for
modernism, short term defeat for fundamentalism.
Mostly ignored, yet another continuation of the Progressive Era.
Revival of the KKK in the 1920s, which becomes a force in the
Democratic Party, with national influence.
Both political parties are equally conservative.
In economics, a partnership between business and political parties,
contrary to rhetoric. Tendency toward monopolies increases, as
small businesses pushed out.
Evolution of economic policy.
Prominence of advertising. Credit buying. Electrification of
homes. Rise of the chemical industry for new products. New
industries. Charles Lindbergh's solo Atlantic flight in 1927.
Finance capitalists are dependent on banks, but Henry Ford is self
financing. Ford's dark side: acts brutally against unions, is a