Segments descriptions
      American Presidents Series
      Early Industrial Era  

                  Description: McKinley

Early Industrial Era
         sampler  331   (45 lecture.

How is the election of 1876 stolen from Samuel Tilden,and why the Compromise of 1877, which is part of the deal, all but ends the moral issue of concern for the ex-slaves?.        
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19.  Rutherford B. Hayes.  His party steals 1876 election from Tilden by manipulating electoral votes.  He ends Reconstruction and federal troops are withdrawn from South.  Poor white & ex-slave small farmers become sharecroppers, a status considered worse than slavery. 



20. James A. Garfield

21. Chester A. Arthur,

22. Grover Cleveland

23. Benjamin Harrison

All are mediocre Presidents, overshadowed by the economic giants of the times and the ascendency of economic motives.  These presidents are influenced by industrial capitalism until the end of the 1800s.  They are pro-business, anti-labor, and anti-union.  There is the use of the army to strike break.  The lack of enforcement reduces reform legislation, the Sherman Anti-Trust Act, to superficial rhetoric.  Supremacy of Republicans lasts until the 1930s Depression.



24.  Cleveland 2nd term.  He makes an ineffective response to the severe depression of 1893, the worst experienced until then.  He breaks Pullman strike with troops after the governor refuses illegally intervene.



25.  William McKinley.  There is little change in economic policies, but foreign trade is increased.  The Cuban uprising against Spanish rule disrupts business interests.  He sends U.S. ultimatum to end the unrest or the U.S. will do it.  Spanish-American War is reviewed and what probably blew up the battleship Maine.  He annexes the Philippines after Spanish-American War, leading to two years of brutal guerrilla war, originating the terms, "concentration camp" and "pacification," and has great repercussions for the future.  This is the beginning of the American Empire.  He is assassinated by anarchist.