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      American Wars Series
      Spanish-American War

                Description: Spanish-American War 1

Spanish-American War
               sampler  3’-14”   (26’ lecture)

During Cuba’s revolt against Spain in the late 1880s and early 1890s, what is the U.S. ultimatum to Spain  which demonstrates that U.S. intervention is not based on moral grounds?                            
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Behind the ultimatum.  Paradox of America’s ultimatum to Spain during the Cuban revolt in the late 1880s actually supports America’s business interests.



Why the war starts.  Factors behind American public mindset, including Hearst’s “yellow journalism” and the blowing up of American battleship, Maine, leads to Spanish-American War of 1898.



American Empire begins.  End of brief “Splendid Little War,” with Teddy Roosevelt a self-made hero, is the beginning of the American Empire, providing naval fueling stations across the Pacific.  Evidence of the connection between economics and politics.



Philippines guerilla war.  America takes the Philippine Islands from Spain, the gateway to Asia and China, and responds brutally to a 2-year guerilla war by the native population, including the creation of concentration camps.



Who rules Cuba?  The Teller Amendment declares Cuba independent, but then the Platt Amendment gives the U.S. the right to control its economy if it deems necessary, a foreign policy extended to Latin America throughout the 20th century.  The racial issue concerning blacks in Cuba.