Segments descriptions
      Revolutions Series
Chinese Revolution, Part 2

        Description: Chinese 2

Chinese Revolution, Part 2
              sampler 5’31”    (39’ lecture)

Why Mao’s Cultural Revolution & Great Leap Forward have the opposite outcome from that intended.
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Chinese Nationalism  (continued)


Mao’s coming to power.  What are the 4 events involving Japan that brings Mao to power? The incredible story of Chiang being kidnapped by the Communists after the Japanese invasion, and this arch enemy being released. 



The Communists win China.  The non-ideological reason the Chinese peasants support the Communists.  Why the West is shocked and surprised when Chang flees to Taiwan in 1950 and the Communists take full control of China.  Because of the Cold War, the U.S. does not recognize China for 24 years until the Nixon presidency in 1969.




Communist China



The Communist regime.  The Communists take power in 1949, enforcing anti-Western extremism.  The country is backward, devastated by war, famine.  Christian missionaries are expelled.  There is a gradual acceptance of cooperative farming.  Very substantial accomplishments in literacy, health, food supply, and overcoming lack of technology. 



Mao undermines progress.  Mao's brutal determination to maintain the fervor of the revolution undermines the country's progress. “

The Cultural Revolution.” 

“The Great Leap Forward.”



After Mao’s death.  The immediate changes in China in 1970s.  Economic development now emphasized.  Revolutionary fervor mostly gone.  Experiences of 30 years of its own version of capitalism.  Expected to become the economic superpower of the future, but at an enormous human cost.  Increased corruption, consumer society, growing inequality.  Peasants not sharing economic development based cheap, exploited labor.  China also utilizes cheaper labor outside in countries like India.  The traditional subordination of women in China changes for the better and then for the worse.  In today's China why the term, "Communist Party," has altered meaning. 



Realities of modern China. The element of nationalism.  Marx believed in internationalism, but the realities of wars and revolutions are basically nationalistic.  Chinese women, traditionally hobbled by bound feet through the early 20th century, expect revolutions to improve their lot.  Yet there is a return to gender subordination now that male births are favored over female in mandatory 1-child families.  How the ideals of liberation from oppression have played out.  Why the Chinese Revolution is considered an unfinished revolution.